BREST FORTRESS – A SYMBOL OF HEROISM AND RESISTANCE OF THE SOVIET SOLDIERS IN THE WORLD WAR II. The old Russian Empire fortress was built in the first part of the XIX century from strong red bricks. It’s the huge unique memorial complex. On 22 of June 1941, defenders protected the fortress for almost one month. Big part of fortress was destroyed. In 1971 Memorial complex was opened on the Brest fortress territory. Brest is one of the oldest and famous cities in Belarus. Brest was first mentioned in 1019 as a part of the Kiev Principality.